- Johannes Paul II.
- File:Papst Johannes-Paul II.jpg
- Papst Johannes Paul II - Ioannes Paulus PP. II 16.X.1978 - 2.IV.2005
Johannes Paul II.
Pope John Paul II was the Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from to He was elected pope by the second Papal .2017 come
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The funeral of Pope John Paul II was held on 8 April , six days after his.
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He upheld the Church's teachings on such matters as the right to life , artificial contraception , the ordination of women , and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council , he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness , he beatified 1, and canonised people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals , consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests. His wish was "to place his Church at the heart of a new religious alliance that would bring together Jews, Muslims and Christians in a great religious armada". John Paul II was the second longest-serving pope in modern history after Pope Pius IX , who served for nearly 32 years from to John Paul II's cause for canonisation commenced in one month after his death with the traditional five-year waiting period waived.
File:Papst Johannes-Paul II.jpg
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Papst Johannes Paul II - Ioannes Paulus PP. II 16.X.1978 - 2.IV.2005
The funeral was followed by the novemdiales devotional in which the Catholic Church observes nine days of mourning. On 22 February , Pope John Paul II introduced revisions to the centuries-old ceremonies surrounding papal death, repose and burial. The revisions enacted through the apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis applied to his own funeral. Pope John Paul's funeral brought together what was, at the time, the single largest gathering in history of heads of state outside the United Nations ,  surpassing the funeral of Winston Churchill , only to be surpassed by the funeral of former South Africa leader Nelson Mandela in December Four kings , five queens , at least seventy presidents and prime ministers , and more than fourteen leaders of other religions attended, alongside the faithful.