Bona il solfeggio edizione definitiva pdf

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Letter: Observation of Dirac monopoles in a synthetic magnetic field

bona il solfeggio edizione definitiva pdf

Solfeggio Bona n.4

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Ruokokoski 2 , S. Hall 1 Magnetic monopolesparticles that behave as isolated north or south magnetic poleshave been the subject of speculation since the first detailed observations of magnetism several hundred years ago 1. Numerous theoretical investigations and hitherto unsuccess- ful experimental searches 2 have followed Diracs development of a theory of monopoles consistent with both quantummechanics and the gauge invariance of the electromagnetic field 3. The existence of even a single Dirac magnetic monopole would have far-reaching physical consequences, most famously explaining the quantization of electric charge 3,4. Although analogues of magnetic monopoles have been found in exotic spin ices 5,6 and other systems 79 , there has been no direct experimental observation of Dirac monopoles within a mediumdescribed by a quantumfield, such as superfluid helium-3 refs Here we demonstrate the controlled creation 14 of Dirac monopoles in the synthetic magnetic field produced by a spinor BoseEinstein condensate. Monopoles are identified, in both experi- ments and matching numerical simulations, at the termini of vortex lines within the condensate.

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Ruokokoski 2 , S. Hall 1 Magnetic monopolesparticles that behave as isolated north or south magnetic poleshave been the subject of speculation since the first detailed observations of magnetism several hundred years ago 1. Numerous theoretical investigations and hitherto unsuccess- ful experimental searches 2 have followed Diracs development of a theory of monopoles consistent with both quantummechanics and the gauge invariance of the electromagnetic field 3. The existence of even a single Dirac magnetic monopole would have far-reaching physical consequences, most famously explaining the quantization of electric charge 3,4. Although analogues of magnetic monopoles have been found in exotic spin ices 5,6 and other systems 79 , there has been no direct experimental observation of Dirac monopoles within a mediumdescribed by a quantumfield, such as superfluid helium-3 refs

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Letter: Observation of Dirac monopoles in a synthetic magnetic field

Esercizio n.1 Bona

Corso di solfeggio - Lezione base

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